In terms of production method, agriculture is divided into two as 'herbal' and 'animal'.
- Low yield and low income
- Scattered and fragmented lands (Modern methods cannot be used when the land structure is scattered and fragmented. For this reason, the farmer also earns less.)
- Inefficient use of water resources
- Increasing production costs
- Changes in food prices
- Macroeconomic conditions
Agricultural Technology is defined as the use of technological developments in agriculture to increase quality, productivity and profits. It can also be defined as services and practices that improve the agricultural process. The Industrial Revolution, which put agricultural machinery into use in order to mechanize the workforce in agriculture and increase productivity, is considered an important milestone in agricultural technology. The continuing population growth in future periods and consequently the increasing need for more food production, climate change and water shortage will cause agricultural activities to be scrutinized by both the farmers and the society in general. Increasing population growth and deteriorating natural conditions clearly indicate that conventional production methods should change and more products should be produced by using the available resources more efficiently.
It is the realization of processes such as analyzing, cultivating, spraying, fertilizing the soil in agricultural lands, monitoring and analysis of product conditions using advanced technological systems. Smart Agriculture aims at managing the soil and product correctly, use resources more effectively and minimize environmental pollution in order to increase productivity in agriculture. With this system, the aim is to obtain more products with less input and labor. Smart agriculture is used in every process of crop production, from the processing of the soil up to the harvesting of the crops. At the same time, this technology is used in the animal husbandry process.
- Far higher quality and quantity of products compared to traditional methods
- Water and energy conservation
- Labor saving
- Decrease in the use of chemicals and thereby decrease in environmental pollution.
- Enhanced overview of the process and faster actions made possible through the technological data obtained.
Soil must be analyzed with analysis sensors for Smart Agriculture to be implemented. Data should be obtained by analyzing the minerals in the soil, moisture conditions and other factors. With the data obtained, operations such as correct irrigation, fertilization and spraying can be carried out. Through irrigation systems, irrigation shall be performed according to exact needs. Thus, both water conservation and healthier plant growth shall be possible. The analyses required for more efficient agriculture are also valid for animal husbandry. The most suitable environment for animal husbandry is determined through the obtained data. In this way, better quality animal products and meat shall be obtained.
With the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) used in smart agriculture applications in today's technology, the whole farm has become monitorable and viewable. Temperature and humidity data can be easily examined with digital analysis sensors. Thanks to these systems, manufacturers will be able to make product and resource analysis much more easily. Tracking cattle in detail is another advantage of the digital age. The amount of feed the animals consume, the protein and fat ratio in the milk they provide, and disease rates can be controlled completely by the use of digital tools. Developments in agricultural technology prove that agriculture is an important entrepreneurship area for today and the future. Therefore, the position and importance of the agricultural sector in the global market is increasing.
It is the sector that enables the production of herbal and animal products, increasing the quality of these products, preserving, processing and making them suitable for the market.
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